Avoiding injury and stress

Practicing and performing music is a very physical activity.  In spite of all the mental and emotional exertion that goes into it, we must always remember how physical it is.

Below are some thoupainghts about avoiding physical injury and stress while playing music, and here’s a website link that can give you lots of information about this subject, including practical tips, anatomical information, and a list of excellent books.

The exercises in the Technique Video Groups are based on the idea that building awareness through simple physical exercises teaches muscles new movements that can then find their way into your playing.  They are not exercises to do and check off your list, but more like rituals that continue to help your playing at any level.  For example Continue reading Avoiding injury and stress

Slowing Down and Editing Recordings

Editing music files can be a big help for learning tunes.  You can work with recordings on your computer to slow tunes down or do a host of other things with them.

I’ll mention a couple of programs you can use — one is free (Audacity), the other (Riffmaster) costs something but offers a free trial.

The free one is Audacity, which was first introduced to me by a Maine minister well into his 80s!  It is open-source, which means the code is open to the public and it has been developed by experts for public use rather than a for-profit company.
Audacity logo
With Audacity, you can import a music file and work with it, if the file is an mp3, WAV (CD quality), AIFF (iTunes), OGG or a few others.  If your music file is a WMA (Windows Media file) you’ll need to convert it first (here’s a link to a good free converter).  You can also record anything your computer can play, and create your own sound file

Inside Audacity, you can manipulate a music file in a ridiculous number of ways.  You can Continue reading Slowing Down and Editing Recordings

An Interconnected Musical World

My friend Mary was once cornered by a 4th grade student who told her, “You’re pretty smart, for a music teacher.”

Mary asked the little girl why she thought most music teachers weren’t so smart.

“Because you only teach singing and playing instruments.  Can you multiply?  Can you divide?  Can you do fractions?”

This tells us quite a bit about our compartmentalized world!  The little girl was learning about music but was not aware of the connectiinterconnected musicons music has with everything else.

Linking music learning to people’s work lives, to school subjects, to decisionmaking, to learning — all these help people learn music better, and makes for better-rounded individuals.

Below are some connections that might provide food for thought on this subject…

Continue reading An Interconnected Musical World

Mind Over Muscle, or Muscle Over Mind?

Muscles are worse than teenagers — you can’t tell them what to do.  All we can really do is remind them to do something they already know.  If you think you can tell your arm or hand or finger to suddenly behave differently, you are likely to be disappointed.  This is why reading about hand positions or finger movements, and understanding them intellectually, is not enough to learn how to do them.  Even if you do know what to do, as you add more tasks, combining bowings and fingerings, the brain simply can’t keep up unless you have muscle memory working for you.  It’s kind of like trying to speak while spelling out in your mind every letter of every word you’re saying!  You just can’t do this without slowing the whole operation down to a snail’s pace.

The technique videos on this site are geared toward remedying this problem, by providing simple isolated exercises that allow your muscles to learn movements that make playing much easier.

You can also making the physical learning easier by customizing your movements to your own experiences.  For example, Continue reading Mind Over Muscle, or Muscle Over Mind?

Physicality: Preventing Injury When Learning Fiddle

Practicing and performing music is a very physical activity.  In spite of all the mental and emotional exertion that goes into it, we must always remember how physical it is.

Below are some thoughts about how to play and learn in a healthy way so you can prevent physical injury from playing music, and here’s a website link that can give you lots hand painof information about this subject, including practical tips, anatomical information, and a list of excellent books.
Continue reading Physicality: Preventing Injury When Learning Fiddle

At Musicians’ Expense (music jokes, not taxes!)

The nice thing about jokes is that most people forget them soon after laughing-animalshearing them, so they can enjoy them again next time!  Here’s a nice list of all those music jokes you may have heard and forgotten.

Note:  There are no fiddle jokes here.  Is there a message in this?  Is the fiddle such an awesome intrument that it’s not funny?  Or do people already feel so sorry for us that they don’t need to take us down a notch?

OK, get ready.  No instrument is sacred here!  (Caution #1:  Do not read this while playing a wind instrument.)  (Caution #2: These are not all in good taste.)

The prodigy:  A boy said to his dad, “I want to be a musician when I grow up.”  His dad said, “Hold on there son, you can’t do both.”

Harmonica: What do you call a harmonica player’s accompanist?  Fido.

Viola:  The violist said to the violinist, “You know, we violists can play 64th notes.”  The violinist said, “Oh, yeah?  Let’s hear them.”  So the violist played him one.

Oboe:  What is a minor second?  Two oboes playing in unison.

Bagpipes:  Why do pipers always walk while they play?  To get away from the noise.  (It also makes them harder to hit.)

OH YES, LOTS MORE BELOW…
Continue reading At Musicians’ Expense (music jokes, not taxes!)

Music Is Time

I once had a beginning student named Harry, who was 72 years old.  He did quite well, generally, but one day I heard him playing a tune all wrong.

The tune had the rhythm of quarter, eighth, eighth, repeated four times.  Then there were two quarter notes and a run of eighths.
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He had played this tune fine before, but that day, he played all the notes straight through as eighth notes–da da da da da da.  At that moment he was reading the tune and completely ignoring the written rhythms.

I said, “Harry, what are you doing?  You know this tune.  See the quarter notes, and the eighth notes?”

Said Harry, “I didn’t want to waste time.”
Continue reading Music Is Time

The Musical Fork In the Road

It’s a nice time for a hike — smell the fresh air, step over tree roots and rocks, notice a fallen tree, glimpse a vista through a clearing.

Then comes the fork in the road. The trail diverges and we have to pay attention and make a choice of which way we want to go. Once we’re on the new path, though, we once again fork-in-the-road_300step over rocks, sniff the air, chat with a friend.

Playing a piece of music is a little like following a trail through the scenery. Our footsteps are the beats. We follow a trail through the notes. And often we play notes that follow the same path we’ve followed before–until we come to the fork in the road.

Familiar note patterns–whether from other phrases in the piece, other pieces we know, or from scales and arpeggios we’ve practiced–are very helpful in learning and performing music. But our fingers can also be duped by them. The fingers may happily follow a familiar trail as we busily watch all the scenery–intonation, tone, dynamics–only to find ourselves suddenly fumbling through the woods because we got off the trail.

Instead of being frustrated that we messed up, it may be that we just need to Continue reading The Musical Fork In the Road

Body mapping – Keeping mind and body on the same page!

A colleague once loaned me a book about what’s called “body mapping” for musicians.  Even browsing through it revealed some fascinating information about learning fiddle.

vitruvian-man-leonardo-da-vinciDid you know posture is not about having a straight back?  Or that your hand doesn’t rotate around the middle finger?  Did you know your arm requires the use of four joints, not three?

Below, I’ll outline answers to these questions.  These are just a few of countless interesting and important points about how our body actually works, versus how we might imagine it works.

Here’s an example:  When we play violin, our left hand is not parallel to the fingerboard — the palm faces in the direction of the left shoulder.  Those who imagine their left hand to be parallel to the fingerboard are thinking of a body map that doesn’t match reality.  They are likely to have a hard time playing notes in tune, because they imagine they have to separate their fingers sideways, when in fact they only need to straighten and bend their fingers.  You can see what I mean by placing two fingers on a string and sliding the 2d finger up and down the string — you are just straightening and bending that finger.  Those who map this out wrongly in their head may instead make awkward hand or wrist adjustments to compensate for the imagined difficulty.

Another common imagined difficulty has to do with how the right arm actually moves, as opposed to how some imagine it moves.  There’s a technique video (#9 in Group 1) that addresses both the fingering and this bowing problem with some awareness exercises that can help you bow and finger more efficiently, and sound better.

One book on this subject is called What Every Musician Needs to Know about the Body, by Barbara Conable.  A number of related books can be found at this link.

As to those body questions I mentioned–Do you think your back should be straight?  I have seen people walk around as if their spine is a pole, and seem to feel this is healthy, but according to the book mentioned above, your spine actually needs curvature and flexibility, and if you try to make your back super straight, you actually put weight and stress on the rear of the spine, where the nerves are, rather than on the weight-bearing side of the spine (its front side).  One thing that gives you good posture is the balancing of your head, which involves the ability to move your head in all directions, and yet always be able to come back to the balancing place.  You don’t want your head fixed in a rigid, “correct” place.

As the the rotation of the hand, it’s interesting to note that the hand does not rotate around the middle finger.  In fact, because of the way the forearm twists, the axis of rotation is around the little finger.  If you imagine your hand rotates around a different part of your hand, then you might be straining something.

Lately in teaching fiddle, I’ve found it interesting and helpful to point out that the bow arm uses four joints, not three.  We know about the wrist, elbow and shoulder, but might not stop to consider that the shoulder can’t lift without using the joint where the collarbone connects just below your chin.  It’s a joint we never need for playing the fiddle!  If you do use it, whether on left or right, you’re likely to strain some muscles.

This “mapping” of the body can be a tremendous help in playing in a more relaxed way, which translates into being able to play better and for longer periods of time without strain.

© Ed Pearlman 2015

Pointers about Online Classes

Taking an online class is pretty easy on fiddle-online.com  — here are some pointers about making them fit your needs.

Technology
It’s easy — when you sign up for a class, you’ll find yourself on the class page where there’s a link.  No Skype calling or anything — you’ll just click the link at class time and join in.  For details and first time users of Zoom, see this page.  “Signing up” for Zoom can be done in advance or when you go to class, and takes a minute just to enter email address and the name you’d like other people to see when you’re onlinonline class screene.  You’ll need a computer, tablet, or smartphone with a camera and mike, which they all have nowadays.

Content
Before signing up for a class you can hear an audio sample of the tune we’ll work on.  The class is never about just getting the notes; it’s about ways to understand, remember, phrase the tune, and how to think musically about it.  Technical ideas are integrated, and often relate to some of the technique videos available on this site.

Sheet Music
As soon as you sign up and go to the class page, you’ll have access to sheet music and audio of the tune in question, in case you wish to take a look before, during, or after class.  You get the most out of classes, though, if during class you try to learn by ear.

Format
You see the teacher and other students on your screen, can speak or play any time, except at a few times Continue reading Pointers about Online Classes