Music Is Time

I once had a beginning student named Harry, who was 72 years old.  He did quite well, generally, but one day I heard him playing a tune all wrong.

The tune had the rhythm of quarter, eighth, eighth, repeated four times.  Then there were two quarter notes and a run of eighths.
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He had played this tune fine before, but that day, he played all the notes straight through as eighth notes–da da da da da da.  At that moment he was reading the tune and completely ignoring the written rhythms.

I said, “Harry, what are you doing?  You know this tune.  See the quarter notes, and the eighth notes?”

Said Harry, “I didn’t want to waste time.”
Continue reading Music Is Time

Body mapping – Keeping mind and body on the same page!

A colleague once loaned me a book about what’s called “body mapping” for musicians.  Even browsing through it revealed some fascinating information about learning fiddle.

vitruvian-man-leonardo-da-vinciDid you know posture is not about having a straight back?  Or that your hand doesn’t rotate around the middle finger?  Did you know your arm requires the use of four joints, not three?

Below, I’ll outline answers to these questions.  These are just a few of countless interesting and important points about how our body actually works, versus how we might imagine it works.

Here’s an example:  When we play violin, our left hand is not parallel to the fingerboard — the palm faces in the direction of the left shoulder.  Those who imagine their left hand to be parallel to the fingerboard are thinking of a body map that doesn’t match reality.  They are likely to have a hard time playing notes in tune, because they imagine they have to separate their fingers sideways, when in fact they only need to straighten and bend their fingers.  You can see what I mean by placing two fingers on a string and sliding the 2d finger up and down the string — you are just straightening and bending that finger.  Those who map this out wrongly in their head may instead make awkward hand or wrist adjustments to compensate for the imagined difficulty.

Another common imagined difficulty has to do with how the right arm actually moves, as opposed to how some imagine it moves.  There’s a technique video (#9 in Group 1) that addresses both the fingering and this bowing problem with some awareness exercises that can help you bow and finger more efficiently, and sound better.

One book on this subject is called What Every Musician Needs to Know about the Body, by Barbara Conable.  A number of related books can be found at this link.

As to those body questions I mentioned–Do you think your back should be straight?  I have seen people walk around as if their spine is a pole, and seem to feel this is healthy, but according to the book mentioned above, your spine actually needs curvature and flexibility, and if you try to make your back super straight, you actually put weight and stress on the rear of the spine, where the nerves are, rather than on the weight-bearing side of the spine (its front side).  One thing that gives you good posture is the balancing of your head, which involves the ability to move your head in all directions, and yet always be able to come back to the balancing place.  You don’t want your head fixed in a rigid, “correct” place.

As the the rotation of the hand, it’s interesting to note that the hand does not rotate around the middle finger.  In fact, because of the way the forearm twists, the axis of rotation is around the little finger.  If you imagine your hand rotates around a different part of your hand, then you might be straining something.

Lately in teaching fiddle, I’ve found it interesting and helpful to point out that the bow arm uses four joints, not three.  We know about the wrist, elbow and shoulder, but might not stop to consider that the shoulder can’t lift without using the joint where the collarbone connects just below your chin.  It’s a joint we never need for playing the fiddle!  If you do use it, whether on left or right, you’re likely to strain some muscles.

This “mapping” of the body can be a tremendous help in playing in a more relaxed way, which translates into being able to play better and for longer periods of time without strain.

© Ed Pearlman 2015

Pointers about Online Classes

Taking an online class is pretty easy on fiddle-online.com  — here are some pointers about making them fit your needs.

Technology
It’s easy — when you sign up for a class, you’ll find yourself on the class page where there’s a link.  No Skype calling or anything — you’ll just click the link at class time and join in.  For details and first time users of Zoom, see this page.  “Signing up” for Zoom can be done in advance or when you go to class, and takes a minute just to enter email address and the name you’d like other people to see when you’re onlinonline class screene.  You’ll need a computer, tablet, or smartphone with a camera and mike, which they all have nowadays.

Content
Before signing up for a class you can hear an audio sample of the tune we’ll work on.  The class is never about just getting the notes; it’s about ways to understand, remember, phrase the tune, and how to think musically about it.  Technical ideas are integrated, and often relate to some of the technique videos available on this site.

Sheet Music
As soon as you sign up and go to the class page, you’ll have access to sheet music and audio of the tune in question, in case you wish to take a look before, during, or after class.  You get the most out of classes, though, if during class you try to learn by ear.

Format
You see the teacher and other students on your screen, can speak or play any time, except at a few times Continue reading Pointers about Online Classes

Future Tech, or How to Learn Fiddle Without Really Trying

New technology, new pharmaceuticals, new strategies…you deserve to know the latest ideas to help you learn and play well without really trying.

An earlier article talked about ways to unlearn stagefright — well, some people just take pills, like beta-blockers — end of problem!  There are also physical gadgets out there — to keep a bow on track, fit your bow hand into a corrective mold, electronically play a the next note of a tune every time you tap on a drum, or show a piano student which keys to press remotely from an online connection.fiddle lying down2

Here are some products so advanced they haven’t been developed yet.

Magnetic Tune Teacher–electromagnets are embedded in the fingerboard and activated based on a programmed piece of music, while magnets in the student’s fingers are drawn to the right place at the right time for the right amount of time, thus teaching their fingers to play the music, or covering for them if they forget. One slight drawback is the minor surgery required to insert the finger magnets.  Continue reading Future Tech, or How to Learn Fiddle Without Really Trying

Intonation and Mother Nature

Mother Nature provides us with many ways to learn to play in tune, and also ways to mercilessly annoy our friends and neighbors.  This is because we all have a very good sense of pitch.
vibrations
For example, we can wiggle our 3d finger on the A string around a D# and produce a sound that anybody could mistake for a mosquito.  That note vibrates the air around it at about 600 times per second, the same frequency as the beating wings of a mosquito.

This means that everybody is able to recall and match pitches that they have heard many times.  Of course, it is also just plain fun to know how to imitate a mosquito — or a bumblebee or a housefly (wiggle the first finger right at the nut on the G string — this is close to 200 vibrations per seconbeed, same as the bee and fly).  Below is a chart of how some natural sounds match up with musical instruments, in case you’re interested in other annoying sounds.

Those who think they have a bad sense of pitch, I find, are usually focusing their attention on their muscles and not their ears.  Often, singers who can’t match a pitch are Continue reading Intonation and Mother Nature

Pentatonic is Everywhere

One of the most popular note patterns in musical styles around the world is the pentatonic scale.  I often start beginners off  with tunes based on this scale because they can be great tunes, but easy to learn.  Some pentatonic fiddle tunes use only 2 fingers.
the-scale
This scale has been used for centuries in Celtic music, American folk, gospels, blues, country, rock, jazz, East European, West African, Chinese, Mongolian, Japanese, Greek, Native American, Southeast Asian, South American, Afro-Caribbean — in fact, it’s hard to find places where the pentatonic scale is not in common use.  It has been important in classical music as well, particularly in Romantic and impressionistic music.

Carl Orff believed the pentatonic scale was natural for children, so the Orff method focuses on its use for younger learners.  It’s also part of the Kodaly method, and us used in Waldorf schools, for similar reasons.
piano keyboard
It’s easy to visualize the 5 notes of this scale when you see it on a piano:  Continue reading Pentatonic is Everywhere

Is Stagefright Learned?

It’s natural to feel nervous energy when performing.  We know that in performance, nothing is guaranteed, and that’s part of what makes it exciting and fascinating.

But nervous energy is different from performance fear, stagefrightwhich we usually call “stagefright.”  Stagefright seems to happen when performers focus mostly on their weaknesses instead of their strengths.  They worry about what people might think, whether they’ll get through a tricky spot, or whether some unforeseen problem will throw them off.  They might even feel unsure if they’re “deserving” of being out on stage.

In other words, people with stagefright are thinking about themselves, not about the music.

My theory is that stagefright is learned, and can be unlearned.  Often I see advice to people about special tricks Continue reading Is Stagefright Learned?

Good and Bad Perfectionists

Perfectionists are everywhere.  In fact, without them, not very much would get done well!

But there are good and bad perfectionists.  Neither is ever satisfied — for the good ones, this is because they always find something to improve.  For the bad ones, it’s because they always find a mistake to fix.
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This difference in approach is very real, and in music, it has a noticeable impact on how people learn, how they perform, and how they play with others.

It’s not so hard to turn a bad perfectionist into a good one.  The “cure” became clear to me when I heard about a theater game taught by an improvisation instructor.

One of the stumbling blocks for bad perfectionists is that, while they may believe that “practice makes perfect”, they often don’t know which things need to be perfected, or how, or when.  As mentioned in the previous article, cognitive scientists have found that “learners are very poor judges of when they’re learning well.”  If students’ priorities are not on target, judging themselves harshly may only be getting in their own way.

Jack, for example, was so wrapped up in getting every note right that he didn’t stop to realize how weak his bowing was.  We focused on making his sound more confident, on bowing to match the timing of the tune, on finding the right ratio of bow speed and pressure to make a clear sound, and Jack made a lot of progress.

I complimented him on this progress and encouraged him to keep it up and pay attention to it when he played.  But all he could do was frown and look at me as if I was crazy.  He pointed out each of the notes he’d missed, especially one of them that had been way out of tune.  I explained why his new bowing skill made all the notes sound much better and more in time, even the notes that weren’t perfect.  He looked askew at me as if I was either deaf, or lying in order to make him feel better.

This was when we talked about the improv exercise.  Here’s how it worked:  Continue reading Good and Bad Perfectionists

Turning Music Learning on Its Head

A ten-year study of learning, published a year ago, came up with some surprising conclusions that, for some music students and teachers, might turn music learning on its head.   One is that drilling a passage of music over and over is not the way to master it.
Make-it-stick
It turns out that working in a focused way on one thing yields results, but they’re only temporary.  One example is the way someone might cram for a test and get by, but then forget most of the material soon after.  But it applies to learning music or any other subject as well.

A couple of other strategies work much better than single-task practice, if the goal is mastery and long-term results.  One way is Continue reading Turning Music Learning on Its Head

Welcome! Here’s what to expect —

Here, on a regular basis, you can find new posts featuring:

1.  Current News

Fiddle-online blog posts will bring you news about upcoming classes, newly posted videos, and guest workshops.

2.  Pointers to help you better work with fiddle-online.com videos, classes, and materials.

3.  Ideas abEd (2)out how people learn fiddle

These articles will explore fresh ways for us to think about learning, practicing, and playing the instrument.  I draw upon many years of teaching experience, recent published research, and adaptions of over 150 blog posts I’ve written for a music teacher’s site.

Your comments and questions are always welcome, and may well serve as topics for future articles.

–Ed Pearlman